Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA)

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What is a CRBA?

As U.S. citizen parent(s), you should report your child’s birth abroad as soon as possible to the U.S. Embassy or Consulate to establish an official record of the child’s claim to U.S. citizenship at birth. The official record will be the Consular Report of Birth Abroad, Form FS-240 which is a basic United States citizenship document.

A Consular Report of Birth (CRBA) is evidence of United States citizenship, issued to a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen parent or parents who meet the requirements for transmitting citizenship under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

In order to transmit U.S. Citizenship to your child you must be a U.S. Citizen before the birth of the child. You may apply for a U.S. passport for your child at the same time that you submit an application for a CRBA. For detailed information about what is a Consular Report of Birth Abroad, please review the travel.state.gov website.

Please continue reviewing this website to see if you qualify to transfer your U.S. Citizenship to your child.

Gather All the Required Documents Detailed in the following Checklist

While filling out the DS-2029 please be precise when filling out the Periods of Time in the United States. We know that this is the most complicated part of this form so we urge you to please put close attention to details.
On this list you need to fill out only with the dates that you have been physically present in the U.S.This means that if you left the U.S., even one day, on vacation to Canada, Mexico or any other place outside the U.S. or any of its outlying possessions, these dates should not be included on this list.

Fees

The application fee for the Consular Report of Birth Abroad is $100.00 and is non-refundable.  You will have to pay this fee at the time of the appointment, you can pay in cash or credit card, no checks or debit card are accepted.

Download and complete the Application for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad (DS-2029) (PDF).  If after reading the instruction pages you still need guidance please follow these key points that will help:

  • Last name / Surname of applicant. The name used on the CRBA must be the same as that on the birth certificate. However, we understand that the naming practices outside the U.S. are different. In Ecuador the law dictates that the person must be registered with two last names, patronymic and matronymic, but the parents may desire to register the applicant with only one last name. If this is the case, please fill out the DS-2029 form with only one last name, and when you come to the Consular Section we will have you fill out an affidavit regarding the use of only one last name.
  • Full Name and all previous legal names used (of parents). Use the names as they appear on the ID that you are going to use when you apply. If you have used any other first, middle, or last names, such as maiden or matronymic names, please fill out the form accordingly.
  • Mailing address. The CRBA will not be sent by mail, this address is just for information purposes.  You can enter a U.S. or a local address.
  • Previous marriages. Please fill out the information completely, the name(s) of previous spouse(s), the date and place of marriage, date of divorce or death. If the information you need to fill out does not fit in the space, please use Section D (page 6 of 7).
  • Precise Periods of Time in the United States. We know that this is the most complicated part of this form so we urge you to please put close attention to details.
    On this list you need to fill out only with the dates that you have been physically present in the U.S.

This means that if you left the U.S., even one day, on vacation to Canada, Mexico or any other place outside the U.S. or any of its outlying possessions, these dates should not be included on this list. 

If after reading these key points you still have questions about how to fill out the DS-2029 form please feel free to email the Consular Section were you plan to apply for more information.

The physical presence or residence in the United States that you present with your application has to be prior to the birth of the applicant.

Such evidence may include, but not limited to, school, college or university transcripts, employment, medical, tax records, W-2 forms, salary pay statements, photos, apartment leases, annual Social Security statements, amongst others.   These are merely suggestions, and you are encouraged to submit all available documentary proof.

If no such evidence is available, the consular officer will advise you at the time of your application what alternatives you may have for proving your presence in the United States.

Using the passport stamps as proof of physical presence

If you plan to use your previous passports with the entry/exit stamps we suggest the following tips:

  • Please be sure to include all passport stamps on the detail of the DS-2029 form, if the officer concludes that not all of the stamps are on the details your application might be rejected.
  • If you have frequent travel to Ecuador, you can request a “movimiento migratorio” from the Immigration Office in Ecuador.  This will not show you when you were in the U.S. but can serve you as a guide on the dates that don’t need to be included on the DS-2029 physical presence detail. We recommend that you bring this movimiento migratorio if you have requested one.

Make sure you have reviewed all the requirements on this webpage and email us to make an appointment.

Please email the applicant’s birth certificate and the first two pages (page 1 of 7 and 2 of 7, not the instructions) of the DS-2029 form to the Consular Section where you wish to have your appointment.

Our mailboxes have a 2MB limit, if your files are over this size please split or compress the files. We recommend you send the files in PDF format.

Send the e-mail to: U.S. Embassy in Quito

If you would like to apply at the Consular Section in the U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil, please send the e-mail to guayaquilcrba@state.gov Please use your child’s name as the subject of the email.

Come to the assigned appointment with your child., the other parent, and the list of required documents

You may apply at the Consular Section of your choice but we recommend that you apply in the Consular Section that covers your district.

The Consular Districts are divided in provinces.

The U.S. Embassy in Quito covers: Bolivar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Esmeraldas, Imbabura, Pastaza, Pichincha, Morona Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, Sucumbios and Tungurahua.

The U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil covers: Azuay, Cañar, El Oro, Galápagos, Guayas, Loja, Los Ríos, Manabí, Santa Elena and Zamora Chinchipe.

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