If your visa application was refused under section 221(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, this indicates that your application requires further administrative processing. Please read the instructions on the handout you were given at the conclusion of your interview.
If your visa application was refused under section 214(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, it is a final refusal for this application.
Section 214(b) of the United States Immigration and Nationality Act requires that consular officers must assume that every visa applicant intends to leave his or her home country and immigrate to the United States. The applicant must convey during the interview that this presumption of immigrant intent is not true.
The consular officer must be convinced that the applicant:
- Has a home outside the United States that they will not abandon;
- Is visiting the United States temporarily and will leave when the stated purpose of travel is complete;
- Is able to pay for the trip; and
- Meets the requirements of the visa type for which they are applying, and/or that planned activities in the U.S. are allowed by that category.
Nonimmigrant visas are interview-based. Interviewing officers rely on statements made by the applicant to determine visa eligibility, although they may consult supporting documents such as employment letters or financial statements to verify statements made in the interview.
Why Was My Visa Application Refused?
Each person’s situation is different, and there is no single reason that explains all refusals. The most common reason for being refused is that the officer decided, based on your interview, that your social, family, economic, or other ties to Ecuador are not strong enough to overcome the presumption of immigrant intent and qualify for a visa.
“Ties” are the various aspects of life that bind you to Ecuador, such as family relationships, employment or educational commitments, possessions, and other factors.
Another common reason for a refusal is that during the interview, you did not demonstrate to the officer’s satisfaction that you meet the qualifications for the visa category, or that your planned activities in the United States are allowed by that category.
Can I Reapply?
Refusals under section 214(b) are not permanent. If you have new information or if your overall circumstances have changed significantly, you may reapply. However, applicants who provide identical information in a second interview rarely get a different result.
The I-20 does not entitle you to a visa. This form only states that you have been accepted to a school in the United States. Students must show that they are credible, qualified students and that they intend to leave the United States after they finish their studies.